MATH SOLVE

4 months ago

Q:
# Someone please help Me! Solve each system of equation. I need help I don’t understand and this is due tomorrow. I’ll make brainliest if I can and 20points

Accepted Solution

A:

Answer: (a, b, c) = (-2, -3, 5)Step-by-step explanation:The idea is to find values of a, b, and c that satisfy all three equations. Any of the methods you learned for systems of 2 equations in 2 variables will work with 3 equations in 3 variables. Often, folks find the "elimination" method to be about the easiest to do by hand.Here, we notice that the coefficients in general are not nice multiples of each other. However, the coefficient of "a" in the second equation is 1, so we can use that to eliminate "a" from the other equations.__Add 3 times the second equation to the first. 3(a +3b -4c) +(-3a -4b +2c) = 3(-31) +(28) 3a +9b -12c -3a -4b +2c = -93 +28 . . . . eliminate parentheses 5b -10c = -65 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .collect terms b - 2c = -13 . . . . . . . divide by 5 (because we can) "4th equation"Subtract 2 times the second equation from the third. (2a +3c) -2(a +3b -4c) = (11) -2(-31) 2a +3c -2a -6b +8c = 11 +62 -6b +11c = 73 . . . . . . "5th equation"Now, we have two equations in b and c that we can solve in any of the ways we know for 2-variable equations. Once again, it looks convenient to use the first of these (4th equation) to eliminate the b variable. (That is why we made its coefficient be 1 instead of leaving it as 5.)Add 6 times the 4th equation to the 5th equation: 6(b -2c) + (-6b +11c) = 6(-13) +(73) 6b -12c -6b +11c = -78 +73 . . . . . . . eliminate parentheses -c = -5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . collect terms c = 5 . . . . . multiply by -1We can now work backwards to find the other variable values. Substituting into the 4th equation, we have ... b -2(5) = -13 . . . .substitute for c b = -3 . . . . . . . . . add 10And the values for b and c can be substituted into the 2nd equation. a + 3(-3) -4(5) = -31 a -9 -20 = -31 . . . . . eliminate parentheses a = -2 . . . . . . . . . . . . add 29__The solution to this set of equations is (a, b, c) = (-2, -3, 5)._____Comment on stepsAt each stage, we made choices calculated to simplify the process. By using equations that had a variable coefficient of 1, we avoided messy fractions or multiplying by more numbers than necessary when we used the elimination process. That is, the procedure is guided by the idea of elimination, but the specific steps are ad hoc. Using these same specific steps on different equations will likely be useless._____Alternate solution methodsThe coefficients of these equations can be put into the form called an "augmented matrix" as follows:[tex]\left[\begin{array}{ccc|c}-3&-4&2&28\\1&3&-4&-31\\2&0&3&11\end{array}\right][/tex]Many graphing and/or scientific calculators are able to solve equations written in this form. The function used is the one that puts this matrix into "reduced row-echelon form". The result will look like ...[tex]\left[\begin{array}{ccc|c}1&0&0&-2\\0&1&0&-3\\0&0&1&5\end{array}\right][/tex]where the rightmost column is the solution for the variables in the same order they appear in the equations. The vertical line in the body of the matrix may or may not be present in a calculator view. The square matrix to the left of the vertical bar is an identity matrix (1 in each diagonal element) when there is exactly one solution.